Traffic law refers to laws and regulations that aim to govern and promote road rules.
Depending on the nature of the infringement, criminal courts could deal with traffic matters, especially where one’s driving results in the death or injury to another individual.
Speeding, contravening road rules or driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs places individuals and society at risk of harm.
Consequently, much like criminal law, traffic law aims to deter those who engage in dangerous conduct. When traffic law falls under the purview of criminal law, the law seeks to promote the same objectives promoted by criminal law regimes, namely, rehabilitation, deterrence, retribution and incapacitation.